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قديم 2019-11-03, 09:02 PM   رقم المشاركة :1
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مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء السادس
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معدل تقييم المستوى: 8
burhan is on a distinguished road
المنتدى : التربوية و التعليم و المناهج
Post مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء السادس


الان اصبحت مذاكرة قواعد اللغة الانجليزية ( Grammar ) اسهل حيث وفرنا مجموعة من المراجعات النهائية لصفوف المرحلة الثانوية مقسمة علي عدة اجزاء كالنالي :


Prepositions after nouns, verbs and adjectives:

There are no rules about which prepositions follow nouns, verbs and adjectives. you have to note down and learn each phrase as you come across it.

noun + prepositionan answer toحل لـapology forاعتذار عنa solution toحل لـreason forسبب /دافع لــa reply toرد علىcause ofمسبب لــdamage toدمار/تلف لـthe problem ofمشكلة الـــincrease inزيادة فيthe reform ofإصلاح الـــdecrease inنقص فيa supply ofإمداد من..popularity ofشعبية الـــ__________

verb + prepositionapply forيتقدم بطلب (وظيفة مثلا)rely on/ count onيعتمد علىwork forيعمل لدى / من اجلbelieve inيؤمن بــblame….forيلوم ..علىsucceed inينجح فيlook forيبحث عنtake part inيشارك فيapologize forيعتذر عن فعل شئresult inيؤدي إلي /ينتج عنهhope forيأمل فيcare about/ forيهتم بـ/ يعتني بــbelong toينتمي الي / يخصcomplain aboutيشكو منapologize toيعتذر لشخصknow aboutيعرف عنcomplain toيشكو لشخصfind out aboutيعرف عن/ يكتشف عنmanage toيفلح في / ينجح فيlearn aboutيتعلم عنdie ofيموت من (مرض مثلا)prevent fromيمنع منaccuse ofيتهم بــprotect fromيحمي منdream ofيحلم بــrecover fromيشفي منconsist ofيتكون منhear fromيتلقى أخبارا منhear ofيسمع عنsuffer fromيعاني منcomplain ofيشكو من شيء سيء حدث له أو من مرضresult fromينتج من/ عنcongratulate onيهنئ علىescape fromيهرب منconcentrate onيركز علىrun out ofينفذdepend onيعتمد علىrely on/ count onيعتمد على____________________believe inيؤمن بــ

adjective + prepositionastonished atمندهش لــsatisfied withراض /مقتنع بــbrilliant atرائع فيangry withغاضب من شخصgood atجيد فيannoyed withمتضايق من شخصclever atماهر فيpleased withمسرور منbad atسيئ فيdelighted withمسرور منterrible atفظيع فيpopular withمعروف / محبوب لــangry about atغاضب بشأنfed up (bored) withيصيبه الملل منdisappointed atخائب الأملashamed ofخجلان منfamous forمشهور بــconfident ofواثق منsorry forآسف لفعل شيءfull ofمملوء بـgood forمفيد لــproud ofفخور بــbad forسيئ لــ/ مؤذي لـafraid ofخائف منresponsible forمسئول عنfrightened ofخائف منterrified ofمرعوب منfond ofمغرم بــscared ofمرعوب منworried aboutقلق علىConditionals

Conditional sentences tell us a condition (if ….) and its consequence. We use conditional sentences to say one thing or action depends on another. They can be used also to talk about real or imaginary situations.

We can divide conditionals into four groups.



  • Zero conditional:
if +present simple, present simple
  • We use this to state general truths and general habits.
– If water gets very hot, it turns into steam.

– If you drop a glass, it breaks into pieces.
  • (If) can usually be replaced by the word (when) without changing the meaning.
– The river floods when it rains cats and dogs.







  • First conditional:
If+ present simple, will/may/can/should + Inf (Advice)
  • We use this for a condition which we believe is possible or likely in the future.
    • If she gets up late, she will miss the bus.
    • If it rains later, we won’t go out.
  • Sometimes we use this form: (if + present simple, imperative) to give instructions or advice.
    • If you feel tired, take a nap.
    • If she refuses to help you, don’t ask her again.


  • Second conditional:
If past simple, would/ Might/ Could +inf
  • We use this for an imaginary condition, which we believe to be impossible or unlikely. We use the past tense although the speaker is thinking about the present or future.
    • if I had a visa, I would travel abroad.
    • If he were taller, he would join the basketball team.
  • With (I) we often use (were) instead of (was).
    • If I were you, I’d write him a letter.



  • Third conditional:
If + past perfect, would/ Might / Could+ (have + p.p)


  • We use this to talk about things that didn’t happen in the past, or about past events which cannot be changed and the result is imaginary.
    • If I had slept for a long time, i wouldn’t have missed the train.
    • If she had won the prize, he would have travelled to Paris. (she didn’t win the prize)
Conditionals: unless– in case
  • unless
Unless means (if not)
  • My pen is lost. I can’t write unless you lend me yours. (I can’t writeif you don’t lend me the pen)
  • in case
In case gives a reason while if describes a condition, it doesn’t mean the same.
  • I’ll buy a new house in case I get enough money. (I’ll buy a house because I may get enough money later.)
  • notes:
  • (provided/ providing (that)- on condition that- as long as) these expressions have a similar meaning to if or only if:
    • Provided that it doesn’t rain, I will go out at five o’clock.
    • You can borrow my book as long as you don’t have yours.
  • (without=but for + noun) these expressions are used in second and third conditionals:
    • Without (but for) my mother’s help, I wouldn’t have answered the questions. (If she hadn’t helped me….)
  • (Should → inf.) can be used instead of ifin first and second.
    • Should he have enough time, he will (would) go to the club.
  • (Were → to+ inf.) Can be used instead of if in second conditional, when it is not the main verb in the sentence.
    • If she won the medal, she would be happy. = Were she to win the medal, she would be happy.
  • (Were + subj.) Can be used instead of if in second conditional, when it is the main verb in the sentence.
    • If I were taller, I’d play basketball with you. = were I taller, I’d play basketball with you.
  • (Had) can be used instead of if in second and third conditionals, when it is the main verb in the sentence.
    • If he had enough money, he would go to the movies. = had he enough money, he would go to the movies.
  • (Had) can be used instead of if in third conditionals instead of If.
    • If our team had played well, they would have won the match.
    • Had our team played well they would have won the match.
1) Necessity 2) lack of necessity 3) prohibition

Necessity

presentpastfuturehave toit’s necessary for ……..to + inf.had toIt was necessaryfor ……..to + inf.will have toIt will be necessaryfor ……..to + inf.has tomustno pasthave got towill need tohas got toneeded toneed to / needs to
  • It is necessary for all of us to keep our environment clean.
  • We must / have to/ have got to/ need to keep our environment clean.
  • It was necessary for him to see a doctor.
  • He had to see a doctor.
  • It will be necessary for him to revise well before exams.
  • He will have to revise well before exams.
Must:
  • We use “must” to say that something is essential or necessary, to give orders or strong advice including to ourselves.
    • I must study
have to:
  • We use “have to” to talk about rules and regulations which don’t come from the speaker.
  • I have to arriveat school by 7 every day.
  • He has to weara uniform at his school.
need to:
  • We use “need to” to talk about what is necessary.
    • She needs to goto the dentist. she gets toothaches every day
Lack of necessity

presentpastfuturedon’t have toit isn’t necessaryfor ……todidn’t have toSomething wasn’t necessary, so we didn’t do it.needn’t have + p.pSomething wasn’t necessary, but we did it.It wasn’t necessaryfor ……towon’t have toIt won’t be necessaryfor ……todoesn’t have todidn’t need towon’t need toneedn’t/without (to)don’t / doesn’t need toIt isn’t necessary for him to buy more groceries.

He doesn’t have to/ needn’t / doesn’t need to buy more groceries.

It wasn’t necessary for me to apply for a new job.

I didn’t have to apply for a new job.

I needn’t have applied for a new job.

Prohibition

It’sbannedforbiddenprohibitednot allowedto park here.

Parking isbannedforbiddenprohibitednot allowedhereYou mustn’t (can’t) smoke here.

You aren’t allowed to smoke here.

You are forbidden from smoke here.

أنتظروا الجزء السابع من مراجعات قواعد الأنجليزية من بوابة الأضواء التعليمية..


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مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الرابع

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مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الأول



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burhan غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
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الانجليزية, الثانوية, الجزء, السادس, اللغة, قواعد, لأهم, للمرحلة, مراجعة, نهائية

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