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قديم 2019-11-03, 09:02 PM   رقم المشاركة :1
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مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الرابع
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المنتدى : التربوية و التعليم و المناهج
Post مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الرابع






الان اصبحت مذاكرة قواعد اللغة الانجليزية ( Grammar ) اسهل حيث وفرنا مجموعة من المراجعات النهائية لصفوف المرحلة الثانوية مقسمة علي عدة اجزاء كالنالي :


The future perfect

Form:Subject + will have + p.p.
  • I’ll have visited my relations by six o’clock.
Negative:Subject +won’t have + p.p.
  • He won’t have finished his homework by six o’clock.
Interrogative:- Wh.-word + will + subject +have + p.p.?- Will + subject +have + p.p.?
  • What will you have made by next week?
  • Will you have phoned Ali by six o’clock?
Passive:Object +will have + been + p.p.
  • He will have finished his homework by six o’clock. (active)
  • His homework will have been finished by six o’clock. (passive)


Usage:
we use the future perfect make predictions about what will be completed by some point in the future. It is usual to mention the point in time:
  • I will have finished my English homework by the time my mother arrives.
Common time expressions:

Time expressions that are commonly used with the future perfect:

by + a point of time in the futureby the timein + a point of time in the futurethis time next year. month, ……till – until – before – next
Examples:

  • By the next year, I will have known Ahmed for 5 years.
  • Ali will have lived in Alexandria for 10 years by 2018.
  • Before they come, we will have cleaned up the house.
Passive verb forms

How the passive is formed:
  • We form the passive by using the verb to be in the same tense as the active verb followed by the past participle.
  • We can use by+ person/thing to show who does the action if this information is important.
  • the basic form is: (new subj.) + v. to (be) + past participle
(active)(passive)
  • My brother made the bed.
  • The bed is made by my brother.
  • The police officer arrested the criminal at the airport.
  • The criminal was arrested at the airport.
The passive can be used, also, in various tenses:

tenseactivepassivepresent simpleDalia cooks dinner.Am/is/are + p.p.Dinner is cooked by Dalia.past simpleThe mechanic checked the car.Was/were + p.p.The car was checked by the mechanic.future simpleAli will finish the work by 5:00 pm.Will be +p.p.The work will be finished by 5:00 pm.present continuousSally is drawing a picture now.Am/is/are + being + p.p.A picture is being drawn by Sally.past continuousThe waiter was serving the customer when I came into the restaurant.Was/were + being +p.p.The customer was being served by the waiter when I came into the restaurant.present perfectMany tourists have visited the museum.Have/has +been +p.p.The museum has been visited by many tourists.past perfectMy brother had driven this car before he received his driving license.Had +been +p.p.This car had been driven by my brother before he received his driving license.future perfectThe engineers will have completed the project before the deadline.Will have +been +p.p.The project will have been completed before the deadline.



(modal verb) + be + p.p.will – would+ be + p.p.can – couldshall – shouldmay – mightmust – ought to

(active)(passive)
  • We can see that painting in the museum.
  • =that painting can be seen in the museum
  • You should do the task on time.
  • =the task should be done on time.



  1. A) Countable nouns:


  • countable nouns can be singular or plural:
    • A job, a biscuit, a company.
    • Jobs, biscuits, companies.
  • we can use a/an before the singular countable nouns:
    • A (book – pen – man – bag – woman- university).
    • An (apple – egg – orange – article- hour).
  • we can use the following words and phrases with the countable nouns:
    • (numbers, how many?, (so/not)many, (a) few)
  1. a number:
– He has two brothers and a younger sister.
  1. How many?
– How many players are there in a football team?
  1. (so/not) many:
– I don’t have many friends.
So many students are absent today.
Not many people go to the match.
  1. (a) few:
– I work a few hours a day.
Few days until the beginning of the competition.


  1. B) Uncountable nouns:


  • uncountable nouns cannot be plural:
    • (air, water, light, equipment, advice, information, football, history, dinner, furniture, homework, snow)
  • uncountable nouns take a singular verb:
    • Diamond is a precious metal.
    • New information will be released tonight.
    • This news is very important.
  • we can use the following words and phrases with the countable nouns:
    • (How much? (so/not)much, (a) little).
  1. How much?
How much homework do you take every day?
  1. (so/not) much:
– There was so much pollution in the air.
– There is not much food in the fridge.
  1. (a) little:
– She needs a little salt to cook lunch.
– They had little furniture. They are very poor.

Notes:
  1. little, a little, few, a few:
  • a little or little + uncountable noun
  • a few or few + a plural countable noun
  • a little and a few mean ‘some’. Little and few have negative meanings. They also mean a small amount, but the amount is almost nothing.
    • I need a little money. = I need some money.
    • I need little money. = I need hardly any money.
    • a few friends visited me. = some friends visited me.
    • Few friends visited me. = hardly any friends visited me.
  • a piece of furniture.
  • a slice of cheese.
  • a glass of juice.
  • a bar of chocolate.
  • Have you got any sugar? (question)
  • I haven’t got any pens. (negative)
  • I ‘m looking for some information. (uncountable noun)
  • Some boys went to the park. (countable noun)
  • I have a lot/ lots of biscuits. (countable noun)
  • She bought a lot/ lots of meat. (uncountable noun)

أنتظروا الجزء الخامس من مراجعات قواعد الأنجليزية من بوابة الأضواء التعليمية..


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إقرأ أيضاً :

مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الثالث

مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الثاني

مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الأول

الموضوع مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الرابع ظهر أيضا على مدونة الأضواء.





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